Our Vision

Our Vision

Our Ecological Ideal

To carry the Vision forward of reconnecting people to the land by training Nature literate and self-reliant individuals tending the landscape for increased bounty.

Our Purpose

The purpose of this Ecological Ideal is to proactively developing mutually beneficial relationships with people, soils, water, plants, animals and fungi for the purpose of developing healthy individuals, communities and landscapes for generations to come.

Mission Statement of the Maine Primitive Skills School

The Mission of The Maine Primitive Skills School is to provide professional outdoor instruction to novices and professionals alike. Our mission is carried forward from seven generations of lineage to the next generations of stewards and caretakers of the Earth.

The Scope of Our Curriculum

To share survival, field craft, and ancient skills and wisdom in our modern context to promote self-reliance, resilient communities, and nature literacy through a deep connection with the landscape.

Educational Strategies

From Survival to Flourishing, the staff and community of the Maine Primitive Skills School are committed to “best practices” in both modern and ancestral educational models to facilitate your growth. Our overall strategy draws from the “Invisible School” or “8 Directions Model

Our educational strategies include, but are not limited to:

  • Professionally guided experiential learning that engages and assists individuals in defining there “edge” (or limitations with regard to each skill).
  • Coaching and Support for each participant toward practical application and then mastery of each skill they pursue.
  • Explain, demonstrate, and provide hands on experiences as part of the growing journey.
  • Use shared story, journal keeping, and performance benchmarks to gauge personal success, challenge areas, and personal growth in a supportive environment.
  • “Coyote Mentoring”  leads students to a deeper understanding through personal experience.
  • Maintain a commitment to continued skills development, practical application of existing skills, and a proactive approach to defining personal growth.
  • Cultivation of systems to increase bounty, development and maintenance of mutually beneficial relationships, and stronger connection to what is authentic and meaningful in ones field craft as well as personal development.
  • Provide strategies, opportunities, and feedback for the sharing of skills as an outdoor educator in multiple settings toward building personal methodology, delivery, and assessment practices as an instructor and mentor.
Our educational strategies are inspired by the five dominant theories of learning.
  • We share skills through explanation and demonstration (Cognitivism)
  • Guide students through the skill via hands on practice (Behaviorism)
  • After the skill is aptly demonstrated at the emergent level, we bring the students to an off site location and have them share how they would apply their new skill (Constructivism)
  • Next, the students apply their skill as a needed element in a sequence of skill development (Experimentalism)
  • Once the student has integrated the skill into their routine we then encourage the student to share the skill with others (Social and Contextual Learning).

In addressing individual learning styles we identify individual strengths and challenge areas with a focus on encouraging growth in a safe and effective manner. One of the many tools we rely on is Gardners Multiple Intelligences Theory. By including elements of each “Intelligence” into our programs, we experience a high degree of challenge as well as success in the skills that we share.


The Maine Primitive Skills School started as “The Good Earth School” on August 4th, 1989  at the University of Maine in Orono.  It’s purpose was to continue the Vision passed down to educate and re-establish a deep nature connection through field craft skills common to all cultures. Courses were held on survival, tracking, and awareness.  In 1993, the school relocated to Augusta, Maine. The curriculum was expanded with new instructors, and The Good Earth School incorporated as a non-profit in 1995.   Many programs were developed and taught at schools, camps, and businesses such as L.L. Bean, Barnes & Noble, the Maine Conservation School, and Boy Scouts of America.  In 1998, with an expanded audience to include military survival instructors as well as students from a local environmental college, the name was changed to reflect the broader demographic.

In 1998 the Maine Primitive Skills School was founded. In 2003 facilities were upgraded and advanced students became staff. The Maine Primitive Skills School now includes students and instructors as well as volunteers, assistant instructors, administrators, apprentices, and elders.  We continue to to grow by developing self reliant individuals in to resilient communities.  We rely on this sense of community for our success and would like to thank everyone who has been, and will be, a part the Maine Primitive Skills School family.


Tom Brown Jr., founder of the Tracker School

We must honor and recognize all those that have come before us. It is also important to remember the lineage that has directly given us the tools we use to further our vision as an evolution of seven generations of Vision keepers tending a mission to preserve deep nature connection through field craft and the skills inherent in our collective ancestry.

We must first recognize the Northern Lipan Apache. Stalking Wolf was raised free of the reservations in the mountains of northern Mexico. Born in the 1870’s during a time of great warfare and violence, he was part of a band of Lipan Apache that never surrendered. He was taught the traditional ways of his people and became a shaman and a scout. When he was twenty a vision sent him away from his people, and for the next sixty-three years he wandered, seeking teachers and learning the old ways of many native peoples, and others who lived close to the earth. Stalking Wolf traveled the length and breadth of the Americas, following the Creators call. He never held a job, drove a car, paid taxes, or participated in modern society. When he was eighty-three years old, he encountered a small boy gathering fossils in a stream bed. He recognized that boy as the person with whom he would spend his final years, and to whom he would teach all that he knew. That boy was Tom Brown, Jr. Tom became the recipient of not only all that Stalking Wolf had learned during his travels, but the distillation of hundreds of years of Apache culture as well. These are the teachings that Tom passes on at his famous Tracking, Nature, and Wilderness Survival School. From Coyote Thunder, to Stalking Wolf, from Stalking Wolf to Tom Brown Jr., From Tom to us, we honor and carry the Vision of reconnecting the caretakers to their landscape.

Through their expertise as trackers, survivalists and scouts, the Apache have influenced the world with their skills. Without them we would not have received the many teachings manifested through Lord Baden Powell’s Boy Scouting, Tom Brown’s Tracker School, David Scott-Donlan’s Tactical Tracking Operations School, Jon Young’s Wilderness Awareness School, and Sapokniona Whitefeather’s teachings.

The Akamba of Africa have given us many gifts through Ingwe who brought rights of passage ceremony and cultural traits of a tracking community to the Wilderness Awareness School. We honor the Iroquois for the Thanksgiving Address, the Peacemaker Principles, and the Eight Shields model brought to us by Jon Young, and Jake and Judy Swamp of the Tree of Peace Society.

The Lakota people through Tony Ten Fingers and Gilbert Walking Bull have our respect for giving us the traits of a whole human being and many sacred teachings about the importance of ceremony. We follow their instructions to live these teachings and share them in a scared manner.

We adhere to the teachings of the Tree of Peace society, through the instructions of Jake and Judy Swamp, Wolf Clan, Mohawk Nation, from the Iroquois Confederacy, to be good neighbors and honor the Peace Maker Principles and share in the Thanksgiving Address. We carry these sacred teachings from a place of love and respect.

Thanks to Paul Raphael and the Odawa for the Sacred Fire ceremony and it’s wisdom. The Hiada, Cherokee, Wampanoag, and Abenaki have given us countless skills, from baskets to bows, as well as powerful teaching and healing stories. The nations of the Passamaquoddy, Penobscot, Norridgewock, Micmac, and Maliseet tended these forests and waterways we now tend and their love and commitment to the future generations are to be remembered and emulated.

Finally, our personal elders, and ancestors, who pointed the way, showed us the path of the upright mind, and taught us the importance of listening to the landscape and the voice of the creator. We understand that grief is what divides us, and that it is not the color of your skin, but the way you live your life that makes you a whole human being. We thank our teachers for their dedication and vision. The following is a list of elders who have personally passed on wisdom to at least one member of our Medicine Council. There are many teachers on the path of life, so if we have forgotten any, please forgive us, Tom Brown, Jr., Bob Doyle, Bob Ekhart, Dan Gardoqui, Ingwe, Leonard Jacobs, Arny Neptune, Craig Ratzat, Paul Raphael, Nancy Reitze, Ray Reitze, Kevin Reeve, Paul Rezendes, David Scott-Donlan, Tony Ten Fingers, Saponkniona Whitefeather, Charles Worsham, and Jon Young.


Ray Rietze

Master Maine Guide, Guest Instructor, Elder

Ray is a Master Maine Guide known for his spiritually based teachings. For over forty years Ray has helped folks of all experience levels sharpen their ability to see the world and to hone outdoor skills that help guide one through life. Ray teaches snow shoe making, winter skills, and many other skills that will get you through the bush in comfort and for long periods of time. Through meditation, observation, discussion and Ray’s humorous stories we come to understand the source of our troubles and why people act as they do. This understanding and awareness helps us to strip away judgment and fear so we may follow our hearts with confidence and peace. Often folks will leave an experience with Ray having gained a new found stillness of mind, appreciation for the earth, and clarity of purpose. He is a founding member of the school.

Michael Douglas

Founder; Director of Adult Programs/ Mentor

Michael Douglas is a Registered Maine Guide.  His passion for nature, awareness, tracking, primitive skills, and philosophy, has taken him around the globe in search of teachers and opportunities to learn new skills. He is a former student of Paul Rezendes, Tom Brown Jr., Jon Young, and many others. Mike’s passion for both learning and teaching “primitive” techniques has earned him a unique reputation in the scouting community and among professional educators. After pursuing survival skills as a U.S Marine, he started his own Survival School in 1989 at the University of Maine.  In 1993 he was the recipient of the Marion Rich Waterman Mayer Award from the University of Maine College of Education.  Since then he has been a consultant for Discovery Channels’ “Dual Survivor” and was featured on National Geographics’ “Doomsday Preppers”, where he received the highest “Survivability Score” of the shows first season. He has also coached reality television participants on Naked and Afraid and has been a mentor to college students, professors, professional educators, Eagle Scouts, and television personalities. His apprenticeship program is internationally known, offering participants from all over the world immersion in Tracking, Survival, Awareness, Bow Making, Wild Edibles, Medicinal Plants, Hunting, Trapping, and much more.  August, 2023 will mark this school’s 34th year of sharing skills with people globally.  Currently, Mike is working with the Sami of Sapmi in present day Sweden to revive their cultural tools in the context of our modern society. He also directly trains the apprentices, and instructors at the school as well as a consultant in educational, corporate and entertainment venues. Mike credits his patient wife Karen and his children, Ryan, Dakota, and Emily, with their love and support in helping him realize his lifelong dream – teaching outdoor skills to all levels from beginners to military instructors of the craft.

Mike DiMauro

Family Programs and Coast Skills Specialist

Mike is a Registered Maine Guide who spent his early years exploring his old homestead and surrounding woodland. For a large part of his childhood he could be found flipping over rocks to find insects, digging for arrowheads, building forts, and collecting reptiles, amphibians, and fish to bring home as pets. After graduating from Ramapo College of New Jersey in 2008 with a Bachelors of Science in Accounting, he followed his heart and childhood passions up to the Maine Primitive Skills School. We have since have not be able to get rid of him. He started with us as a student in the summer of 2009, showing up for a workshop every month, and heading into the woods to camp for weeks at a time to practice the skills. After a humble summer of getting eaten by bugs, struggling to get a fire going, and staying warm, Mike became our first residential apprentice in 2010. He has since been on many staff survival trips and has played an integral part as a Senior Instructor during the past few years, while continuing to develop his skills as a mentor and a wildman. Previously, he has directed homeschooling programs and summer camps, trained staff, and instructed workshops at the Maine Primitive Gathering and Common Ground Fair. Mike enjoys living on the school property in various primitive structures for extended periods of time. A year in a tipi, months in grass huts, and wintering in a yurt has taught him much about what it means to live a simple life in the wilderness. His personal passions are focused on answering lifelong questions like, How can we work towards community vibrancy and food security using mostly wild food? What are the best ways to combine the primitive skills “Caretaking Philosophy” with the “Permaculture Design Principles”? How can yoga be used to connect us more deeply towards an awareness of the natural world? What options do we have to apply the wisdom of our ancestors to our modern world? How can bird language and animal tracking be used to connect people to empathy and awareness? How can we increase the learning curve of eager students who want to learn primitive shelter, water, fire, and food, while still giving them the dirt time needed to experience the lessons fully?

Owen Doll

Program Specialist/ Campus Caretaker

From the age of eight, Owen was raised in an Eight Shields mentoring program at Piedmont Wildlife Center in North Carolina. He began sharing the skills at fourteen years old. His passion for leatherworking, basket making, friction fire and plant studies compelled him to become both a student and instructor of each craft.

As a teen, Owen chose to be home/un-schooled in order to focus on primitive skills and outdoor education. He studied with Natalie Bogwalker at Wild Abundance, and spent two years living in primitive shelters during that time. He also apprenticed with herbalist Will Endres in Hillsborough, NC before attending his first seasonal Wilderness Immersion at Maine Primitive Skills School in July of 2020. Owen presents with over ten years of skills and possess a high degree of focus and attention to detail. This has earned him the title, “Program Specialist.”  This will be his 4th winter living in a primitive shelter, and second winter doing so in Maine. He is currently drawn to primitive shelter building, hide tanning, pottery, felting, and continues his pursuit of year round foraging.

Nate Bears

Rocket Stove Engineer/ Bow Making Instructor

Nate is a Registered Maine Guide who grew up in northern Maine, hunting, fishing, skiing, and finding whatever excuse available to spend his time outdoors. After earning a Bachelors of Science in Marine Engineering from the Maine Maritime Academy, he spent years traveling the world working on cruise ships, specializing in water purification. His love for the natural world brought him back from the sea to complete an apprenticeship at the Maine Primitive Skills School. Nathan is passionate about sharing skills, especially bow making and foraging. He also enjoys shelter building and bee keeping.

Arthur Haines

Staff Botanist

Arthur is the “Bruce Lee” of Botany. He literally wrote the book, detailing every plant in New England in Flora Novae Angliae published by Yale University Press. He runs many plant classes from his own campus at The Delta Institute, where the New England Wild Flower Society many other organizations hold courses. Arthur has written extensively about wildcrafting, foraging, and nutrition in his book, Ancestral Plants, which was written in conduction with the Maine Primitive Skills School and is the first of a three-part series.

Arthur Haines - Botanist Delta Institute

Lou Falank

Home Schooling and Off-Site Specialist

Lou Falank works in the public education field and is a Registered Maine Guide. He is a certified volunteer outdoor education instructor for Maine’s hunter, bow hunter, and ATV safety courses and is an examiner for the Junior Maine Guide Program. He spent 6 seasons with the Maine Conservation School in Bryant Pond planning and facilitating diverse outdoor programs for children, adults, and educators. Lou has been providing instructional support for the BOW (Becoming an Outdoors Woman) workshops here in Maine for over eight years. Lou Falank’s primitive skills programs have been a popular attraction each time. Lou enjoys bringing folks more in depth with each of the skills presented at the BOW workshop through the years. He has been with the school for more than a decade and has also run after school programs teaching wildlife lessons, nature observation, and survival skills for students K-5. Lou currently resides in Farmingdale, Maine and is the Founder and Head Instructor of Mountain Bear Programs; he currently runs our Foundations of Survival courses.

Colby Smith

Guest Instructor

Colby is a sailor who enjoys living in the forest. He has over eight years of outdoor year round living experience from Maine to Hawaii. After years honing his craft at Maine Primitive Skills School he has now started his own school, teaching and sharing skills with his wife Hannah at Way of the Earth School in Blue Hill, Maine. Colby has overwintered in four primitive shelter types here in Maine and continues to live close to the Earth. You may find him turning dead creatures into furry clothes or creating permaculture gardens. He has completed several solo survival trips in different parts of the world. Colby has a Bachelors of Science in Adventure Therapy from Unity College in Maine and graduated Valedictorian of his class. He has studied under Tom Brown Jr. and many other primitive skills teachers. Colby and his partner Hannah moved up to Blue Hill, ME in 2017; you can find their programs at: Way of the Earth School.

Hannah Sol Rhea

Fiber Arts and Hide Tanning Instructor

Hannah has been a part of the community for many years. Hannah has a strong connection with the plants and animals. Wild edibles and medicinals was the first niche that brought her into the world of primitive skills and permaculture. She spent two years at Hawk Circle, as wilderness skills apprentice and instructor, teaching programs for adults and children. She is an experienced hide tanner, and makes various buckskin and fur products. She is also experienced in fiber arts such as needle and wet felting as one way of honoring the animals by utilizing as much as possible. Her love for herbal lore and animals collided, birthing a search for knowledge on natural animal care. After using natural remedies and practices with the animals at Hawk Circle, she traveled to Eastern Europe collecting knowledge from the people of Greece and Romania. She traveled with a donkey on the island of Crete in Greece, and that experience has cascaded into a passion to learn the art of donkey packing and nomadic wandering. To do so, she recently bought two donkeys and wants to use her permaculture training to caretake the land she travels through while always continuing to develop a more intimate relationship with the nature and the unseen realm. As a gifted artist and craftsman, she has inspired the staff and community to work their own edge with regard to felting, fiber arts, animal processing and hide tanning, and nomadic trip planning. Hannah and her partner Colby moved to Blue Hill, ME in 2017 to begin Way of the Earth School and have been creating beautiful natural buildings and permaculture gardens as they begin running programs and living the skills.

Brian Manning

Winter Skills Instructor

At an early age, attracted by the lure of the woods, Brian became an avid hunter and outdoorsman. This soon led to a curiosity for learning about primitive cultures, skills and travel methods. From there, Brian discovered a love for raising Alaskan Malamutes to be run as a cohesive, disciplined, working dog team, and has traveled to Alaska to learn from Iditarod winner, Jeff King.

The first self-taught primitive skill he mastered was lithic reduction (the art of flintknapping), which further led to the study and use of the atlatl, a weapon which pre-dates the bow and arrow. He now competes on the world level and is one of the few competitors who has scored a 90 or above in competition. He was employed as a Dive Master and has explored inner space off the coasts of the Florida Keys, Cozumel Mexico, Curacaos, Maine and numerous rivers on the East coast of the US. He has also had the pleasure of tracking Grey Wolves, and Grizzly Bears with James Halfpenny, and Jim Bruchac in Yellowstone National Park.

​ Always looking to expand his knowledge, he has attended several schools and classes ranging from primitive fire and tracking to modern survival skills. His mentors have been James Bruchac of “Ndakinna Wilderness School,” Michael Head of “Wilderness Ways School,” Dr. James Halfpenny of “A Naturalist’s World,” Michael Douglas of “Maine Primitive Skills School,” and David Canterbury of “Pathfinder School.” While studying at the Pathfinder School, Brian worked to attain the position of Master Instructor, and was involved in developing and refining the school’s curriculum. Most recently, he had the opportunity to learn from the Grandfather of Bushcraft, Mors Kochanski of “Karamat Wilderness Ways.”

Always striving to better himself and give back to the outdoor community, Brian has furthered his studies and pursued the qualifications for becoming a New York State Licensed Guide. His vision and thoughts are not only to take people out to enjoy the outdoors but to teach them the practical survival skills needed to make them more self-reliant by using the timeless skills of our forefathers and primitive cultures or the modern equivalent in this age of technology.

His professional accomplishments include:

  • ​27-year Law Enforcement career
  • Tactical Operator in the LEO community
  • Forensics Investigator
  • NYS Police Instructor
  • NYS Licensed Guide
  • NYS Certified in Land Navigation
  • NYS Certified Wildland Search Level 1
  • ASHI Certified Wilderness First Aid/CPR Instructor
  • Modern/Primitive Wilderness Skills Instructor
  • PADI Divemaster, Master Diver, SSI Dive Control Specialist and Rescue Diver​